Saint Robert Southwell, an ordained Jesuit priest and martyr,
authored a number of devotional works, including Saint Peter's
Complaint, a larger work found in the same volume as Scorn Not The
Least. Scorn not the least is of interest because it differs
so greatly from Southwell's usual style and religious
subject matter, using naturalistic means to present a political
statement. The first published edition of Saint Peter's Complaint,
With other Poems (1595)
is the source for this modernized version. There is also a manuscript
located at Stonyhurst College, Lancastershire. More information about
the manuscript is available in The Complete Poems of Robert Southwell
edited by Rev. Alexander B. Grosart (1872). There are two typographical
errors in the 1595 edition. The first is a turned type error in line
(the word "tench" appears a "teutch"); the second occurs in line 18,
where the letters "t" and "s" are exchanged. The 1595 line reads "Gave
also lowly mushrumpt leave so grow", but clearly it should read "Gave
also lowly mushrumps leave to grow."
Where wards are weak and foes encount'ring strong,
Where mightier do assault than do defend,
The feebler part puts up enforced wrong,
And silent sees, that speech could not amend.
Yet higher powers must think, though they repine 5
When sun is set, the little stars will shine.
While Pike doth range, the silly tench doth fly,
And crouch in privy creeks, with smaller fish.
Yet Pikes are caught when little fish go by.
These fleet a float; while those do fill the dish. 10
There is a time even for the worms to creep:
And suck the dew while all their foes do sleep.
The Merlin cannot ever soar on high,
Nor greedy Greyhound still pursue the chase;
The tender Lark will find a time to fly, 15
And fearful hare to run a quiet race.
He that high growth on Cedars did bestow;
Gave also lowly mushrumps leave to grow.
In Aman's pomp poor Mardocheus wept,
Yet God did turn his fate upon his foe. 20
The Lazar pined, while Dives feast was kept,
Yet he, to heaven, to hell, did Dives go.
We trample the grass, and prize the flowers of May.
Yet grass is green when flowers do fade away.
1. wards] defenses (the line seems to mean "Where strong foes
encounter weak defenses").
3. puts up] puts up with, endures.
4. silent] silently; that] what, that which.
5. repine] fret; ("They" refers to the little stars from the next
7. silly] naive; tench] small carp-like fish; fly]
flee, run away.
8. privy] private, secret, obscure.
13. merlin] type of falcon; ever] always.
14. still] continually.
18. mushrumps] mushrooms.
19. Aman...Mardocheus] Haman... Mordechai (see Estherch.
21. Lazar...Dives] Lazarus (a beggar and leper) suffered while
rich man) feasted (Luke 16:20-24).