Romanticism¹ On Line: A List of URLs

This document contains four sections:

  1. A Note to Students
  2. Romanticism¹ On Line
  3. Works by Women Writers On Line
  4. A Discussion of Some of these Resources in More Detail

A Note to Students: The following is a list of URLs, internet addresses that can be typed into the "Go To:" or "Location:" lines of your browser (Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, etc.), to take you to files on the internet. These Web documents simultaneously describe or list and provide access to sources on the internet through links, those underlined words (usually in blue) on which you put your cursor and click your mouse to go to another Web file. Some source documents at which you will finally arrive after going from link to link are literary texts for printing out (careful!! they might be huge!) or for reading on the computer screen. Here is a list of URLs that will get you started in finding out what is on the internet related to Romantic Studies.¹ You may go to these places and then find lots of links you wish to follow to find other Web and source documents retated to Romantic Studies.¹

1. A Note on Terminology:
What is the difference between "Romantic Studies" and "Romanticism"? Romantic Studies is the discipline within English, French, German, and Comparative Literature departments that covers writers of the Romantic Period conventionally dated within literary studies as the period extending from 1780 to 1830 (the dates differ in other disciplines, music and art history, e.g.). Romanticism, on the other hand, is what the writers of the Romantic Period practiced: there is not much agreement about what that is exactly, and there is in fact a longstanding debate about whether there is such a thing or only Romanticisms. See A. O. Lovejoy, "On the Discrimination of Romanticisms," PMLA, 1924; René Wellek, "The Concept of `Romanticism' in Literary History," Comparative Literature, 1949; and finally, Jerome McGann's Introduction to The New Oxford Book of Romantic Period Verse (revised edition).

2. Romanticism On Line--

Romantic Chronology (UC Santa Barbara & Miami U., Ohio):

British Women Romantic Poets, 1789-1832 (U of Cal. Davis):

The European Mirror of the Romantic Chronology (Queen's U., Belfast):

The Modern English Collection at the Electronic Center (UVa)

British Poetry 1780-1910: A Hypermedia Archive of Scholarly Editions (UVA), co-editor, Jerome McGann:

Blake Archive (hosted at UVA), directed by Morris Eaves, Robert N. Essick, and Joseph Viscomi:

The UPenn Gopher (with its substantial non-canonical Romantics holdings):


also known as PEAL: Penn English Archive and Library


See especially Stuart Curran's Home Page at

Romantic Links, Electronic Texts, and Home Pages (Univ.of Penna.), Michael Gamer

The Frankenstein Project (U. Penn):

Romantic Circles Project (Second-Generation Romantics and Their Circle), major participants, Donald Reiman, Neil Fraistat, Carl Stahmer:

Bluestocking Archive (U. Mass.), Elizabeth Fay:

Romantic Women Writers Page (Nottingham U., U.K.), Adriana Craciun:

Romanticism on the Net (Oxford U., England):


Romanticsm CD-ROM (U. of Alberta):

Romanticism at UT Austin, Computer Writing and Research Lab of UT Austin directed by Daniel Anderson:

Women of the Romantic Period (UT Austin), Daniel Anderson and Morri Safran:

New Books in 19th-Century Studies:

The Keats-Shelley Journal Home Page, ed. Steven E. Jones

19th Century British and Irish Authors, Mitsuharu Matsuoka (Nagoya University):

Victorian Web Sites, Mitsuharu Matsuoka (Nagoya University):

A more extensive list of Web sites connected to Romantic Studies, as well as an extensive list of humanities resources, is available on Voice of the Shuttle (UC Santa Barbara), Alan Liu:

3. Works by Women Writers On Line--

This list comes from Adriana Craciun's Women Romantic-Era Writers at:

Craciun's web page contains many other sources, including sources for individual writers and texts.

The Bluestocking Archive (Elizabeth Fay, UMass)

Brown University Women Writers Project

British Women Romantic Poets, 1789-1832 (U of Cal. Davis):

A Celebration of Women Writers, a wide range of women writers available online (UPenn)

Project Electra: Women's Writing 1780-1830 (Oxford)

The Orlando Project: An Integrated History of Women's Writing in the British Isles (U Alberta)

Victorian Women Writers Project, at Indiana

More Shameless Scribblers: Biographical info. on women writers from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica:

The Kassandra Project: Visionary German Women Around 1800 (Reed)

Women's Literature Page (U. of North Carolina)

Isle of Lesbos: Lesbian Poetry

British Poetry 1780-1910: A Hypertext Archive of Scholarly Editions (at Virginia)

Women of the Romantic Period (UT Austin)

4. A Discussion of Some of these Resources in More Detail--

A. The Romantic Chronology

The Romantic Chronology: this chronology will be much enlarged by the end of August, before classes start. You can easily download and print sections of the anthology for distribution in classes. Explored on line, it provides links to texts available on line and to more information on specific topics.

Sharon Setzer reports that she has students look up on the on-line chronology events surrounding the publication date of those poems that she has asked students to read for a particular class. After they have explored the chronology, class discussions involve students remembering different aspects of the historical moment and working together to bring them to bear on readings of the poetry.

See The Romantic Chronology at:

B. The Blake Archive

Morris Eaves, Robert Essick, and Joseph Viscomi announce "The Blake Archive," a hypermedia archive hosted at the University of Virginia that "will contain about 3000 images, 2/3 from the illuminated books, the remaining 1/3 from Blake's paintings, drawings, and engravings." For a description of the archive, go to:

C. Romantic Circles

Neil Fraistat, Steve Jones, Donald Reiman, and Carl Stahmer have just announced a major new Website, Romantic Circles: Byron, Keats, The Shelleys, and Their Contemporaries at

Their announcement of the new site states: ROMANTIC CIRCLES is organized as a meta-resource that will be open-ended, collaborative, and porous--maintaining and encouraging many potential links into the three main entities: 1) Electronic editions; 2) Scholarly Resources; and 3) Critical Exchange. The last of these sections will include a real-time, interactive MOO, the Villa Diodati.

D. Women Romantic-Era Writers

One of the richest sources for links to databases that have on them texts by non-canonical women authors is Adriana Craciun's "Women Romantic-Era Writers" (Loyola Univ.) at:

The "Women Romantic-Era Writers" page provides links to the sources, the URLs of which are listed above.

Go to the Miami Univ., English 441A, The Early Romantics Home Page

Go to Laura Mandell's Home Page

Laura Mandell, Dept. of English, Miami University, Oxford, OH, 45056