Now you must make a decision as to whether you want to give equal significance to all nominations (first, second and third nominations). Your decision will depend on what you want to know and how you plan to use the sociogram. Thus, there are two strategies: (A) no distinction is made between the three nomination ranks, and (B) you want to symbolically distinguish between the three nomination levels. Giving equal significance makes a sociogram easier to read. Distinguishing among nominations provides greater precision. For example you may want to know whether a person chosen by three others was chosen first by three others or third in each case. Examples of sociograms NOT making any distinction between nomination levels are contained in FIGURE 16.
Sociograms distinguishing between nomination levels are contained in
FIGURE 17. Both FIGURE 16 and 17 represent the same data.
Whether or not one uses technique "A" or "B," plotting a sociogram is usually easier if all second choices for all slips are done first, and then do the third nominations last. Of course, folding the slips so that the nominators and their third choices are visible will aid in the plotting.
One additional word on the issue of second and third choices.
When children are instructed to rank their nominations (eg., "Make your
first choice the person whom you like the best, and your second choice
the person you 'next' like best, etc."), a weighting scheme may be applied
to their nominations. This technique is sometimes referred to as "Fixed
Rank" nomination technique: remember "fixed" in that the children are limited
to 3 choices, and "Ranked" in order of priority. Sometimes 3 points are
assigned to "first-choice" nominations, 2 points for a "second-choice,"
and 1 point to a "third-choice". For each individual child the frequency
of nominations within each rank is multiplied by the assigned weight and
these are summed to yield an index of popularity. If a child receives no
nominations their score would be zero (0). Many first choices would tend
to yield a high index. If the children's nominations are entered as "weights"
replacing the "+" and "-" signs with their respective weights into the
matrix described in STEP 2, simply summing the weighted values in each
column would yield each child's weighted index of popularity within the
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