# SOCIOMETRY IN THE CLASSROOM:

## HOW TO DO IT

### STEP 4

Using the data compiled in STEP 3's bar graph, as well as the total +'s and
-'s found at the bottom of STEP 2's matrix, one can go on to graphically
display these results using the "TARGET TECHNIQUE." APPENDIX D displays the
traditional "Bull's Eye Target" template. The advantage of using this
relatively simply and quick display is that one can group children into
categories similar to those described above in Step 3. Each portion (ring) of
the Target Graph is lettered "A" through "E" and these letters correspond to
the following definitions:

FIGURE 4.

#### A. (POPULAR CHILDREN):

This is the "bull's eye" portion of the graph and is reserved for the most
"popular" children. Popular is defined as children who have a frequency of
"positive" nominations great than 3, the average number of nominations if
children evenly distributed their choices over the entire class, and have near
zero (0) "negative" nominations.

#### B. (LIKED MORE THAN DISLIKED):

Children who have more "positive" nominations than they have "negative"
nominations go in Sector B.

#### C. (DISLIKED MORE THAN LIKED):

Children who have more "negative" nominations than they have "positive"
nominations go in Sector C.

#### D. (CONTROVERSIAL CHILDREN):

A special kind of category called "controversial" is reserved for children who
have nearly an equal number of "positive" and "negative" nominations and both
exceed the average nominations if children evenly distributed their choices
over the entire class.

#### E. (REJECTED CHILDREN):

Sector E is reserved for children who received only one or no positive
nominations and their negative nominations exceed the average number of
nominations if children evenly distributed their choices over the entire
class.

#### F. NEGLECTED CHILDREN

Children who do not receive any "positive" nor any "negative" nominations
should be placed in the F sector. These children are not even being
acknowledged by their classmates. Nevertheless, this is useful information,
but as one can see, using the "positive - negative" nomination technique tells
us very little about NEGLECTED children. As we shall see later, the classroom
social Distance Rating technique could give us some further insight into these
individuals.

GO TO STEP 5
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This WWW site has been constructed by Lawrence W. Sherman. I wish to
acknowledge the support of the Center for Human Development, Learning and
Teaching AND the Department of Educational Psychology. Please send any
comments and suggestions about this home page to Lawrence W. Sherman.

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